## Mathematics: Tartaglia and Archimedes

Clavius (previous page), Niccolo Tartaglia **(Figure 1)** , and other mathematicians of the 16th century argued for the use of mathematics in physics. In **(Figure 2)** , Tartaglia shows Euclid guarding the gate of knowledge. Divisions between mathematical theory and practice were being overcome. **(Figure 3)** , **(Figure 4)** .

Niccolo Tartaglia published the works of Archimedes **(Figure 5)** , including Archimedes’ work on floating bodies. Tartaglia also published the first edition of Euclid in Italian translation. Tartaglia was a teacher of Ostilio Ricci, court mathematician of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, who in turn taught the young Galileo in Florence.

A later edition of Archimedes **(Figure 6)** contained both Greek and Latin texts **(Figure 7)** **(Figure 8)** .

Exhibit credit: Kerry Magruder, with the assistance of , Marilyn B. Ogilvie, Duane H. D. Roller.

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