History of the Constellations

Stars and Constellations

Hercules

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Contents of this page: | Description | Skylore | Modern Culture | Origin and History | Asterisms | Star Clusters | Galaxies | Submit new info... |

Images (at bottom of page): | Hercules Chart: (Figure 1) | Hyginus, 1482, page D2r: (Figure 2) | Hyginus, 1482, page D2v: (Figure 3) | Ptolemy, 1541-const, page Hercules: (Figure 4) | Bayer, 1661, page 0fp: (Figure 5) | Bayer, 1661, page G: (Figure 6) | Bayer, 1697, page D2r: (Figure 7) | Bayer, 1697, page D2v: (Figure 8) | Bayer, 1697, page D3r: (Figure 9) | Bayer, 1697, page D3v: (Figure 10) | Bode, 1801, page r page : (Figure 11) | Aspin, 1825, page Hercules: (Figure 12) | Images digitized by Hannah Magruder.

Constellation Data

Description

Located between Ophiuchus and Draco. Look for the Keystone, a trapezoid of four stars.

Skylore and Literature

Legendary hero who performed dozens of labors.

Modern Culture

Origin and History

Hercules is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

Asterisms

Keystone

Star Clusters

M13, Great Cluster (Globular cluster), mag. 5.9.

M92 (Globular cluster), mag. 6.4.

Galaxies

M13, bright globular cluster.

Submit new info...

Many excellent websites provide a variety of information about constellations for amateur astronomers and telescope users (see sidebar links for a few of these). These constellation pages are not intended to duplicate those efforts, but are devoted to two aims: First, they are intended to assist the beginning skywatcher, including students in history of science survey courses, in becoming familiar with Basic Celestial Phenomena (BCP). Second, these pages are devoted to the history of the constellations and the history of astronomy. They are intended to serve as a repository for collaborative use and reference. Do you have additional historical information about the stars or constellation described on this page? Please submit additional information to kmagruder@ou.edu. Submissions will be attributed. Editors for historical information are Kerry Magruder, JoAnn Palmeri, Peter Barker, and Laura Gibbs.

Oklahoma History of Science exhibits: http://hos.ou.edu/exhibits/. Page revised 4/15/04

Bad links, misplaced images, or questions? Contact Kerry Magruder. Thank you.

"If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore, and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown. But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile." R. W. Emerson, Nature

Images

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Her Chart
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Hyginus, 1482

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Hyginus, 1482

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Ptolemy, 1541-const

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Bayer, 1661

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Bayer, 1661

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Bayer, 1697

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Bayer, 1697

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Bayer, 1697

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Bayer, 1697

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Bode, 1801

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Aspin, 1825

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Exhibit credit: Kerry Magruder.

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These teaching resources provided by the History of Science Department at the University of Oklahoma.

Unless otherwise indicated, all images courtesy History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries. Image Terms of Use.

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