History of the Constellations

Stars and Constellations

Pegasus

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Contents of this page: | Description | Skylore | Modern Culture | Origin and History | Asterisms | Star Clusters | Submit new info... |

Images (at bottom of page): | Pegasus Chart: (Figure 1) | Hyginus, 1482, page 4v: (Figure 2) | Hyginus, 1482, page E1r: (Figure 3) | Hyginus, 1517, page F4v: (Figure 4) | Ptolemy, 1541-const, page Pegasus: (Figure 5) | Bayer, 1661, page T: (Figure 6) | Bayer, 1697, page G1v: (Figure 7) | Bayer, 1697, page G2r: (Figure 8) | Bayer, 1697, page G2v: (Figure 9) | Bode, 1801, page l: (Figure 10) | Bode, 1801, page r: (Figure 11) | Aspin, 1825, page Equuleus: (Figure 12) | Images digitized by Hannah Magruder.

Constellation Data

Description

Farther along on the line from the Pointers to Polaris and Cassiopeia is a large, nearly perfect square of four stars. This is the Great Square of Pegasus. Pegasus, the Winged Horse, lies almost directly overhead in autumn. Located east of Andromeda; signals the coming of Fall. Because Pegasus flies so fast, his hind quarters can’t be seen.

Skylore and Literature

See Andromeda and Perseus.

Modern Culture

Origin and History

Pegasus is included in the ancient star catalogs of Eudoxos of Knidos, Aratos of Soli, and Ptolemy.

Asterisms

  • Baseball Diamond (with Andromeda)
  • Great Square

Star Clusters

M15 (Globular cluster), mag. 6.4.

Submit new info...

Many excellent websites provide a variety of information about constellations for amateur astronomers and telescope users (see sidebar links for a few of these). These constellation pages are not intended to duplicate those efforts, but are devoted to two aims: First, they are intended to assist the beginning skywatcher, including students in history of science survey courses, in becoming familiar with Basic Celestial Phenomena (BCP). Second, these pages are devoted to the history of the constellations and the history of astronomy. They are intended to serve as a repository for collaborative use and reference. Do you have additional historical information about the stars or constellation described on this page? Please submit additional information to kmagruder@ou.edu. Submissions will be attributed. Editors for historical information are Kerry Magruder, JoAnn Palmeri, Peter Barker, and Laura Gibbs.

Oklahoma History of Science exhibits: http://hos.ou.edu/exhibits/. Page revised 4/15/04

Bad links, misplaced images, or questions? Contact Kerry Magruder. Thank you.

"If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore, and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown. But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile." R. W. Emerson, Nature

Images

Figure 1 Figure 1 - Return to Text

Peg Chart
Figure 2 Figure 2 - Return to Text

Hyginus, 1482

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Figure 3 Figure 3 - Return to Text

Hyginus, 1482

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Hyginus, 1517

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Ptolemy, 1541-const

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Bayer, 1661

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Bayer, 1697

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Bayer, 1697

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Bayer, 1697

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Bode, 1801

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Bode, 1801

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Figure 12 Figure 12 - Return to Text

Aspin, 1825

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Exhibit credit: Kerry Magruder.

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These teaching resources provided by the History of Science Department at the University of Oklahoma.

Unless otherwise indicated, all images courtesy History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries. Image Terms of Use.

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